To some people, heartburn or acid reflux may seem normal after eating. Acidic stomach contents can often move up the esophagus toward the mouth. This will cause a burning sensation inside the esophagus and perhaps the throat. It may reach the back of the mouth. This refluxed food can cause bad breath, choking, as well as hoarseness.

Sometimes these symptoms are the result of eating too much and then bending or doing something to put too much pressure on the stomach. But, some people exhibit these burning sensations far too often. There are some recognized causes of heartburn or acid reflux you should know about.

Once common cause of acid reflux is the failure of the lower esophageal sphincter muscle to close. This muscle is found at the bottom end of the esophagus right where it joins with the stomach. It\’s purpose is to close the esophagus and prevent the contents of the stomach from returning back into the esophagus. It should relax only briefly to let food in the esophagus go into the stomach.

In a few people, however, this lower esophageal sphincter muscle is just too weak to close tightly enough to keep the contents of the stomach from returning to the esophagus. For some other people, the sphincter muscle temporarily relaxes when it should be contracted. For a few people, these temporary relaxations occur primarily when the stomach is full. This allows partially digested, acidic food to escape the stomach and enter into the esophagus.

A hiatal hernia is the next cause for acid reflux. To appreciate this you must know just a little about the makeup of the body. Your diaphragm is a curved sheet of muscle that divides your upper chest from your belly. When the diaphragm contracts it expands the lungs so your breathe in. When the diaphragm is relaxed, your lungs are reduced in volume and you breathe out. The esophagus goes through the diaphragm and joins the stomach just under the diaphragm. The lower esophageal sphinter muscle ought to be positioned right at the diaphragm. But, in a few people, some of the stomach is pushed up above the diaphragm.

Typically, the diaphragm assists the lower esophageal sphincter muscle close off the stomach. But, when a potion of the stomach protrudes above the diaphragm, the sphinter muscle is no longer helped by the diaphragm and blocking the contents of the stomach is less reliable and reflux is more likely. Also, with a portion of the stomach having been pulled straight up through the diaphragm a small flap that normally helps seal off the stomach from the esophagus fails to function. So, the sphincter muscle working alone along with the reduced functionality of the flap make acid reflux more likely to occur.

Lastly, regular contractions of muscles along the esophagus help push food down in the direction of the stomach. These peristalsis waves also function to push any reflux of acidic contents of the stomach back into the stomach. With a partial loss of function of these waves, there is certainly a greater opportunity for any refluxed foods to move upward through the esophagus on the way to the mouth.

There are a number of actions you can take to reduce the frequency of acid reflux as well as to cut back on the burning feeling when acid reflux does occur. See your medical professional for the solution that is best in your case.

If you experience acid reflux, you should try to learn more about acid reflux disease so that you can treat it properly and halt your distress.

Gastro-esophageal reflux, better known as acid reflux, is a very common disease that effects more than 7 percent of the American people. Acid reflux can occur in people of all ages, even though its more common in infants and young children. In contrast to children who are rarely confronted with long-term symptoms of acid reflux, most adults suffer from recurrent form of the disease. The process of diagnosising acid reflux is simple and it usually requires clinical trials. Reports of symptoms and physical indicators of acid reflux are usually sufficient in the diagnosis of the disease. However, in special cases Doctors may perform additional tests to confirm the likely clinical diagnoses.

The causes of acid reflux consists of several different natures. In most cases, chronic acid reflux disease is caused by physiological disorders, the uncommon activity of the lower esophageal sphincter or excessive pressure in the stomach. The lower esophageal sphincter is a ring-shaped muscular valve that normally forms a barrier between the esophagus and the stomach. Under normal conditions, this valve opens only during swallowing of food, otherwise it’s closed. If the lower esophageal sphincter is weakened or its integrity is compromised (due to physical trauma), the contents of the stomach can easily flow back into the esophagus and oral cavity.

Another common physiological cause of acid reflux is excessive pressure on the level of the belly, which pushes the contents of the stomach upwards in the esophagus lining. This anomaly is more common in women, obese people, smokers and pregnant women.

Acid reflux with hiatal hernia. Hiatal hernia usually occurs when the upper wall of the stomach moves above the diaphragm. Although this fact hasn’t been confirmed, hiatal hernia is a cause of acid reflux. An interesting fact is that most patients with acid reflux suffer hiatal hernia, but very few patients with hiatal hernia will eventually develop acid reflux.

Drugs are also a cause of acid reflux disease. Reflux can be stimulated  via a variety of synthetic drugs, an excess production of stomach acid into the stomach, thus facilitating the occurrence of acid reflux. Other drugs promote the relaxation of the sphincter of the lower esophagus or decrease the pressure on the level of the esophagus.

Nutrition is also a major cause of acid reflux.  Acidic irritating foods contribute significantly to the occurrence of acid reflux by creating an overproduction of stomach acid caused by relaxation of the esophageal valve.. Bad eating habits (binge eating, feasting) can cause an occurrence of acid reflux. As a result, most symptoms of acid reflux are are experienced right after meals. Smoking and the consumption of alcohol are also known to be causes of acid reflux, because it conflicts with the normal activity of the muscular esophageal valve.

The categories of people who develop chronic forms of acid reflux disease are: pregnant women, overweight people, smokers, alcoholics and people suffering from other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Despite the high incidence of acid reflux in very young children and infants, these categories of patients are rarely confronted with relapsing forms of the disease.

The Author have been writing articles for years. You can also check out his latest website:  where he looks at acid reflux relief which contains reviews on acid reflux disease natural remedies

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Although the causes are often unclear, perhaps because of more frequent acid reflux is a poor diet. Acid reflux occurs during digestion, when the stomach is agitated or acid flows into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest or throat. So if you eat too many highly acidic tomato sauces and / or fats, fried foods, the stomach has to process an excess of acid. Too much acid can push back through a valve between the stomach and esophagus which is called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES).

Acid reflux culprits include but are not limited to tomato based sauces, fried and fatty foods, chocolate, alcohol, citrus fruits, peppers, and caffeinated beverages.

When you overeat, the stomach can not keep up with the demand to process all the acids.. So food gets backed up and digestive acids infiltrate the esophageal valve to cause the unpleasant burning sensation that centered on the chest – which is called acid reflux or more commonly called heartburn..

Also another diet related cause of acid reflux is being There is a clear correlation between excess weight and a significant increase in the incidence of acid reflux. Many believe this is because excess weight puts more pressure on the stomach and esophagus. This pressure has been known to open the lower esophageal sphincter (esophagus valve) when the valve should be closed. This allows acid to escape into the esophagus.

Other factors that create a predisposition for acid reflux include smoking, alcohol consumption, food allergies, certain medications, and lying down after meals…As you can see, most of these factors can be overcome by practicing some behavioral modifications. In fact, many cases of recurring acid reflux a change in  lifestyle is all that is necessary for preventing heartburn from becoming a chronic disease.

An acid reflux disease diet will likely vary from person to person, depending on your likes and dislikes and your body’s reactions to each food. You must ensure you are getting adequate nutrition, while on any diet plan..

Remember to consult a doctor before undertaking any treatment strategy.

The Author have been writing articles for years. You can also check out his latest website:  where he reviews natural remedies for acid reflux which contains reviews on acid reflux disease help.

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